DEMOGRAPHIC BASES DEGRADATION OF LABOR POTENTIAL FORMATION OF WOMEN IN RURAL AREA

Anna Sabluk

Abstract


In the article describes conditions that prevailing in the countryside at the present time that need to develop new evidence-based conclusions regarding the use of female labor as a whole and the entire rural population in social production agricultural sector. Living standards of rural residents directly depend on the functioning of the rural areas where these people live. So the status of women is some kind of barometer through which we can see the visible level of social progress of society. What takes characteristic village life, which is the modern life of rural women, this is the standard of living throughout the country. Synthesis content analysis of demographic basis for the formation of labor potential of women in rural area on the basis of the components of quality of working life of rural women is the purpose of this article. Ukrainian society is unthinkable without rural women - hardworking, active, caring and motherly patient.

However, the problem of employment in rural area open, because no place to work. The woman is constantly in search of work, and hence the degradation and demographic fundamentals of the labor potential of women in modern conditions of rural life, and the differences in the demographic situation related to employment. Rural population suffers from substantial poverty, which primarily faced woman who lives in the village.

In recent years, major transformation in a person creates migration, causing negativity in the middle of the family and society. During the period of independence there are more than 7 million people left from the country. This phenomenon is gaining a certain social challenges in society. The impoverishment of the rural population due to the decrease in revenues, rising unemployment and contraction in the service sector destroys social infrastructure. The demographic crisis has seen the loss of rural area opportunities for self-renewal, and a rural woman actually becomes hostage to such socio-economic circumstances.

Consequently, only the balanced development of rural area in all regions of the country will ensure the interests of the population, while maintaining the level of state requirements of the international community regarding equality of citizens based on gender to ensure their protection and gender development activity.

Keywords


demographic basis; women farmers; living standards; labor; employment; emigration; degradation

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ISSN (Print) : 2449-7320

ISSN (Online) : 2449-8726