EUROPEAN UNION, GEORGIA AND INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF COMPETITION

Givi Bedianashvili, Shalva Gogiashvili, Solomon Pavliashvili

Abstract


The article discusses the theoretical and practical issues of competition in Georgia. The article analyzes the problems existing within this area in Georgia as well as the dynamics of gradual improvement of the competitive mechanism and competition policy. In the light of the experience gained in different countries and particularly in Georgia for the recent years, the article reviews the directions for competition improvement mechanisms. In addition, the article focuses on improvement of the individual mechanisms of the internal competition in Georgia, as well as provision of consistency for the institutional competition environment. As a result of the conducted studies, it was concluded that when discussing the issues related to promotion of competition and identifying the development level of each area of the country’s socio-economic system, the Global Competitiveness Index may be applied.

The main factors, which ensure the sustainability of the community institutional structure of both the competition institutional environment and the country's overall socio-economic development, can be identified and monitored by the Economic Freedom Index. According to 2014 data, Georgia belongs mainly to the group of commonly free counties rated 22nd in the world, and in Europe it has 12th position among 43 European countries according to the Economic Freedom Index. The recent positive changes in Georgia include the creation of more attractive business environment, anti-corruption activities focused on the law enforcement and judicial systems, as well as on reconstruction of the fiscal and public services sector, which led to a noticeable improvement in the fiscal management and decrease in the country's shadow economy, implementation of the liberal trade policies, development of preferential trade regimes. However, there are some setbacks including the level of market openness (investment freedom and financial freedom) and development of Law and Order institutes (protection of property rights and freedom from corruption). In this respect, the impelementation of a complex of certain activities has been considered within the Georgia-EU Association Agenda, as well as in the socio-economic development strategy of Georgia (Georgia 2020).

Keywords


competition; competition policy; institutional environment; institutional environment monitoring

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